What is a Vaporizer

What is a Vaporizer

A vaporizer is a device that transforms liquid phase LPG to vapor phase LPG.

How does a vaporizer work?

  • A vaporizer can be heated electrically via the heating elements in the vaporizer water chamber. The heated water in the water chamber in turn provides the heat to the LPG liquid.
  • The heating is controlled within a temperature range.
  • The controlled temperature range of 70°C to 80°C provides optimal vaporization of liquid LPG without the breakdown of heavy ends.
  • Some vaporizers can be heated up via a regulated flow of hot water which is fed through the vaporizer to provide the heat needed.

Why are vaporizers needed? 

  • When vapor LPG from natural vaporization is not enough to meet high LPG consumption demands, a vaporizer can assist to provide the sufficient vaporization rate required. So vaporizers are needed when consumption is greater than natural vaporization.
  • Advantages of using vaporizers
  • Maximize the usage of liquid LPG in the storage tank.
  • Higher flexibility and fewer refills.
  • Achieve efficient and constant vaporization rate regardless of the liquid LPG level and temperature in the tank.
  • Constant mix of propane and butane.

How is the vaporizer installed? 

  • The vaporizer is connected at the outlet of the liquid LPG line of the tank. The vapor outlet of the vaporizer is piped to a set of regulators to further reduce the pressure of the vapor phase LPG to suit the working pressure of the burners.
  • Open-air installations – advisable to provide weather protection.
  • An inlet strainer and an oil separator at the outlet are recommended.
  • Fresh water is to be added fully into the vaporizer water chamber.
  • Place the vaporizer on solid foundation such as a concrete slab.
  • Pipe connections must be firmly supported on both sides of the vaporizer.
  • Electrical connections must suit the category and specifications.

Where are vaporizers used?

  • Factories and production facilities that require LPG vapor as fuel for all sorts of burners.
  • Residential areas – for cooking and heating in the home
  • Hotels and restaurants
  • Greenhouses

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